President and Director,
The Institute for Systems Biology
A leading scientist in molecular biotechnology and genomics, Leroy Hood has been a key player in the Human Genome Project. In 2002, he founded the Institute for Systems Biology, a nonprofit research center integrating science with mathematics and high-speed computers to crunch data on complex body systems.
Dr. Hood's pioneering work began at Caltech, where he and colleagues pioneered four instruments ‹ the DNA and protein synthesizers and sequencers ‹ that became the foundation for contemporary molecular biology. In 1992, Dr. Hood moved to the University of Washington to create its department of molecular biotechnology. There he applied his laboratory's expertise in DNA sequencing to studies in prostate cancer, autoimmunity, and hematopoietic stem cell development.
Author of more than 600 peer-reviewed papers, Dr. Hood also has co-authored textbooks in biochemistry, immunology, molecular biology, and genetics. He is co-editor of Code of Codes, a book exploring the scientific, social, and ethical issues raised by genetic research. He helped found several biotechnology companies, including Amgen, Applied Biosystems, Systemix, Darwin, Rosetta, and MacroGenics, and holds numerous patents for his scientific breakthroughs.
For his study of immune diversity and development of instruments to study biology and medicine, Dr. Hood has received many awards, including the Lasker Award and the Kyoto Prize for Advanced Technology. He holds nine honorary degrees and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Association of Arts and Sciences.
Dr. Hood earned his M.D. from Johns Hopkins University and a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the California Institute of Technology.